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Mildred McAfee Horton papers

Identifier:  1DD7-McAfee

Scope and Contents

Collection consists of the personal papers of Mildred Helen McAfee Horton, dating from 1918-1995, intellectually arranged into nine series.

Series I. Biographical (1923-1995) consists of 9 sub-series: Sub-Series I. General (1994-1995 and undated), Sub-Series II. Correspondence (1923-1977), Sub-Series III. Trips to Australia, India, and Turkey (1952-1958), Sub-Series IV. Appointment Books (1954-1956), Sub-Series V. Transcriptions (1975-1977), Sub-Series VI. Bills (1941-1974), Sub-Series VII. Events (1942-1952), Sub-Series VIII. Clippings (1936-1954), and Sub-Series IX. Dr. Douglas Horton (1959). Also includes a file on Meadow House (1970-1971) and personal photographs (1936-1980).

Series II. Education (1918-1934) consists of 5 sub-series: Sub-Series I. Vassar College (1918-1920), Sub-Series II. Columbia University (1932), Sub-Series III. University of Chicago (1925-1931), Sub-Series IV. Fellowships (1931-1934), Sub-Series V. Reunions (1920).

Series III. Work (1920-1980) consists of one sub-series, Wellesley College (1936-1980). Also includes files on Bryn Mawr, Centre, Vassar, and Oberlin Colleges, and Monticello Seminary.

Series IV. General Organizations (1934-1977) includes 4 sub-series: Sub-Series I. NBC-TV (1950-1965), Sub-Series II. New Hampshire Development Council (1968-1973), Sub-Series III. Radio Corporation of America (RCA) (1934-1976), Sub-Series IV. UNESCO (1950-1966). Also includes files on organizations such as The American Traditions Project, Boy Scouts, Citizens for Eisenhower, the National Women's Committee for Civil Rights, the White House Conference on Aging, Cosmopolitan Club, Demerit Law Review Committee, Elderhostel, Free Public Libraries of New York, General Federation of Women's Clubs, National Book Committee, National Emergency Services Committee, National Social Welfare Assemply, President's Committee on Employment of the Physically Handicapped, Red Cross, UNICEF, Wellesley Clubs, Women's National Press Club, and others.

Series V. Church Organizations (1931-1977) includes 3 sub-series: Sub-Series I. American Missionary Association 17/76 (1973-1977), Sub-Series II. National Council of Churches (1945-1968), and Sub-Series III. World Council of Churches (1948-1962). Also includes files on these religious organizations: Church Women United, Congregational Christian Churches, Forward'76, National Conference of Christians and Jews, New Hampshire Conference Committee, New Hampshire Diocese, Religion in Education, United Board of Christian Higher Education in Asia, United Church for World Ministries, United Church of Christ, Council for Social Action, and Council on Ministry to the World.

Series VI. Educational Organizations (1941-1977) includes 4 sub-series: Sub-Series I. Fund for Advancement of Education (1951-1967), Sub-Series II. White House Conference on Education (1952-1956), Sub-Series III. University of New Hampshire (1963-1975), and Sub-Series IV. U.S. Educational Mission to Japan (1946-1952). Also includes files on these educational organizations: American Association of University Women, American Council on Education, Association of American Colleges, Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, Council of State Governors, Danforth Foundation, Kobe College, Masters School, Mount Washington Regional School District, N.H., New Hampshire Council for Better Schools, Northfield Schools, Packard Junior College, Rural Area Development, and Wesleyan University. Also includes files on Opportunity and White House fellowships.

Series VII. Navy (1942-1969) includes 2 sub-series: Sub-Series I. Post-Resignation (1946-1952) and Sub-Series II. Photographs (1943-1945 and undated). Also includes files on the book Angel of the Navy, the WAVES unit (Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service), biographical materials, Navy regulations and customs, the USS Franklin aircraft carrier, as well as news clippings, travel documents, transcripts of oral history interviews, copies of speeches and addresses, and personal and official correspondence.

Series VIII. Speeches (1929-1981) includes copies of speeches given by Mildred McAfee Horton on topics including religion, politics, education, women, and war.

Series IX. Publications (1928-1970, 1995) includes publications arranged chronologically, correspondence concerning publications, and travel maps.


  • 1918-1995


Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research, but contains some material which has been restricted as per the Wellesley College Archives Access Policy: To make an appointment to view unrestricted materials, please contact the Archives staff by email at or by phone at (781) 283-3745.

Conditions Governing Use

The Wellesley College Archives welcomes researchers to use materials in the public domain, to make fair use of copyrighted materials as defined by copyright law, and to request permission to use works whose copyright is held by Wellesley College. All materials from the Archives, regardless of copyright status, should be attributed to the Wellesley College Archives, Library and Technology Services when cited, quoted, or reproduced.

Biographical / Historical

Mildred McAfee Horton was born Parkville, Missouri in 1900. She attended Vassar College (New York) as a member of the Class of 1920. In the 1920s she taught sociology and economics at Tusculum College (Tennessee). In 1934 she was hired as Dean of Women at Oberlin College (Ohio), and in 1936 she became President of Wellesley College. During World War II, from 1942-1946 she took a leave of absence from her role as President. During this time she became the first director of the military unit of the U.S. Navy, Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service (referred to as WAVES). From 1946 to 1949 she returned as the President of Wellesley College.

[Information from: "Mildred McAfee Horton Dies; First Head of WAVES Was 94," The New York Times, September 4, 1994. Page 41.]


12 Linear Feet (12 cartons (undergoing transfer to document boxes))

Language of Materials



Collection is intellectually arranged into nine series: Series I. Biographical (1923-1995), Series II. Education (1918-1934), Series III. Work (1920-1980), Series IV. General Organizations (1934-1977), Series V. Church Organizations (1931-1977), Series VI. Educational Organizations (1941-1977), Series VII. Navy (1942-1969), Series VIII. Speeches (1929-1981), Series IX. Publications (1928-1970, 1995). The physical arrangement for the mostpart matches the intellectual arrangement, with some exceptions.

Related Materials

See also the collection Records of the President's Office (1DB 1899-1966) which includes records of Mildred McAfee Horton's administration as President (1936-1949).
McAfee, Mildred H., 1900-1994. Mildred McAfee Horton papers, 1918-1995: a container list
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Wellesley College Archives Repository